The mango fruit belongs to the family Anacardiaceae in the genus Mangifera. The family consists of 41 species of which the mango (Mangifera indica) is the most important. It is a tropical fruit that also grows well in subtropical areas hence its classification in South Africa and other countries as a subtropical fruit.
There are many different registered cultivars and Boabab Value Adding uses the following for their dried mango product:
Tommy Atkins is an oblong-oval cultivar with medium to large; skin thick, orange-yellow, largely overlaid with bright to dark-red and heavy purplish bloom, and dotted with many large, yellow-green lenticels. It has got a flesh medium to dark-yellow, firm, juicy, with medium fibre, of fair to good quality. It can be picked early; it develops a good colour and usually has long shelf-life. Sometimes there is an open space in the flesh at the stem-end. Interior softening near the seed occurs in some years.
Kent is an ovate cultivar with thick; large; skin greenish-yellow with dark-red blush and grey bloom; many small, yellow lenticels. It has a flesh fibreless, juicy, sweet; very good to excellent taste. Its tree is of erect, slender habit, of moderate size, precocious; bears very well and fruit ships well.
Keitt is a rounded-oval to ovate cultivar with a large; skin medium-thick, yellow with light-red blush and a lavender bloom. It has many lenticels, small and yellow to red. Its flesh is orange-yellow, firm, fibreless except near the seed; of rich, sweet flavour; very good quality. It has a small or medium to large seed. Its tree is small to medium, erect, open, rather scraggly but very productive.
Shelly, originating from Israel, is a rounded-oval cultivar with smooth skin and a red-orange-pink blush. It has firm, deep-yellow flesh with little fibre and a mild-sweet flavour. The cultivar is a mid-to-late variety with a longer shelf-life than the Tommy Atkin and Kent. Its tree grows upright with an open canopy.